Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959) is the best composer to have come from the continent of South America. His style is post-impressionist, combining local influences with stylistic elements from the European tradition, going back to Bach as a main source of inspiration. Probably his most famous composition is Bachianas Brasileiras (Brazilian Bachian-pieces), but as these come as a 3CD package, I have decided to go for a different recommendation. His guitar music is fabulous, and fits nicely on one CD. On the Naxos disc shown above, it is played magnificently by Norbert Kraft. A real treat, and a good introduction to this essential composer.